Tendon injuries are divided into two fundamental types: tendinitis and its maximum degree of involvement, tendon ruptures.
Tendinitis is the most frequently diagnosed tendon injury and involves the existence of an inflammatory process. Generally traumatic processes of small intensity, but repetitive, give rise to pathology. Sometimes tendinitis can end with partial or even complete rupture of the tendon if it is not diagnosed and treated correctly.
Tendon pathologies of the upper limb:
- Inflammatory tendinopathy of the rotator cuff of the shoulder.
- Rotator cuff tear of the shoulder.
- epicondylitis. (“Tennis elbow”).
- Epitrocleitis. (“Golfer’s elbow”).
- Tendinitis and tenosynovitis of the flexors and extensors of the wrist, hand and fingers.
Tendon pathologies of the lower limb:
Insertional tendinopathies of the pelvic musculature and bone tears due to insertional pathology. (Pubalgias, tears of the ischion or the lower antero iliac spine).
- Quadripital tendinopathy.
- Rupture of the quadriceps tendon.
- Patellar tendinopathy.
- Rupture of the patellar tendon.
- Inflammatory tendinopathy of the hamstrings.
- Achilles tendon tendinopathy.
- Rupture of the Achilles tendon.
- Plantar fasciitis.