Tendons Injuries

Injuries to the tendons are divided into two basic types: tendinitis and its maximum degree of damage, tendon rupture.

Tendinitis is the most frequently diagnosed tendon injury and requires the existence of an inflammatory process. Generally, traumatic processes of small, but repetitive, intensity originate the pathology. Sometimes tendinitis can end in partial or even complete tendon rupture if it is not diagnosed and treated properly.

Tendon pathologies of the upper limb

  • Inflammatory tendinopathy of the rotator cuff.

  • Rotator cuff tear.

  • Lateral epicondylitis. (“Tennis elbow”).

  • Medial epicondylitis (“Golfer’s elbow”).

  • Tendonitis and tenosynovitis of the flexors and extensors of the wrist, hand and fingers.

Tendon pathologies of the lower limb

  • Insertional tendinopathy of pelvic musculature and bone avulsions due to insertional pathology. (Pubalgia, ischial or anterior inferior iliac spine avulsions).

  • Quadriceps tendinopathy.

  • Rupture of the quadriceps tendon.

  • Patellar tendinopathy.

  • Rupture of the patellar tendon.

  • Inflammatory hamstring tendinopathy.

  • Achilles tendinopathy.

  • Rupture of the Achilles tendon.

  • Plantar fasciitis.