Medicine has always aimed at curing patients with the least aggressive methods. That is why medical science has managed to develop treatments (pharmacological as well as surgical) continuously more effective and with less consequences for the patients.
In spite of that, there are still many pathologies that do not have a really effective treatment; for others, we have effective treatments but those are very aggressive for the patient.
In the field of orthopaedic surgery, we mainly have to treat pain caused by the degeneration of the joints or a sinewy pathology.
So far, this type of pathology has been dealt with by drugs, rehabilitation or surgical procedures.
We now offer a new type of treatment: Local infiltration (tap) with PLATELET-RICH PLASMA (PRP), which offers advantages compared to other treatments.
Blood is composed of different types of cells (red blood cells or erythrocytes, white blood cells or leukocytes, and platelets). It has recently been discovered that the platelets contain proteins with a very high anti-inflammatory power. By means of a centrifugal process we can separate these cells from the rest of the blood.
The procedure consists of removing about 40 cc of the patient’s blood, centrifuging it, separating the part of plasma where the platelets are found, and then injecting them into the inflamed body part. The entire procedure is done in an individual way, and takes no more than 30 minutes. The habitual treatment consists of 2 to 4 infiltrations, according to the location, applied in intervals of 2 weeks.
The platelet-rich plasma is a derivative of the blood of the patient, which is why it cannot cause rejection or allergies. The worst complication that can occur is an infection caused by the injection; in order to avoid this, both the manipulation of blood and the injection is performed in optimal aseptic conditions.
The most satisfactory results have been obtained in those patients that presented a significant joint pain caused by a process of wear (arthritis). The anti-inflammatory ability of the platelet-rich plasma decreases the pain caused by this disease substantially, and helps postpone the insertion of a prosthesis. It is important to note that the process of erosion continues, but the quality of life improves in a very important way because it is less painful.
Tendonitis is another pathology that can also be dealt with satisfactorily by rich-platelet plasma. Tendinitis usually affects people that perform some sort of physical or sporting activity, and that need the time to cure their injuries to be as short as possible. This is achieved with this treatment, so that the patient can soon restart his/her physical or sporting activity.