Muscle injuries are very common, especially in sports. Contusions and sprains account for 90% of all injuries during exercise.
These are injuries from blunt non-penetrating traumatic agents. They are more frequent in the thigh and arms, especially in contact sports such as rugby, karate or judo. In Spain the most extended contact sport is football and here contusions in the thigh (“bruises”) are very common.
The severity of the injuries caused by a contusion depends on:
The degree of muscle contraction at the time of contact.
Muscle compression in bandages or strips can increase the severity of the injury.
Fatigue decreases resistance to muscle injury.
Usually the treatment is non-surgical and physiotherapy and rehabilitation play a key role in patient recovery.
Muscle sprains or tear
The cause of muscle strain is sudden stretching beyond its endurance. They are especially common in sports that require quick acceleration, like football or basketball.
They have been classified into four degrees:
1. Fibrilar rupture with full muscle fascia (“Elongation”).
2. Larger fibrilar rupture.
3. Partial muscle rupture.
4. Complete rupture of muscle and fascia.
Non-surgical treatment is the most widespread, even in the most serious cases, and physiotherapy is essential in patient recovery.